A Model for Interprofessional Education

Purpose : In response to increased emphasis on team delivery of holistic care and coordination across specialties and settings of care, new approaches to training student health care practitioners are transpiring to include interprofessional education (IPE). This special interest report describes a unique and feasible model for IPE involving students across five different graduate and undergraduate disciplines. The overall objectives of the IPE sessions were to allow students to develop effective communication skills and to learn about the scope of practice of other professionals on the health care team.Description : In the spring of 2013 approximately 320 students from Marshall UniversityÕs Schools of Physical Therapy (PT), Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Department of Communication Disorders participated in a series of three 3-hour IPE sessions. As a vehicle for interaction, each session utilized a patient (pt) case scenario and addressed one or more of the 2011 IPE Collaborative Practice general competencies domains of values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication and teams/team work. Implementing the fishbowl activity, students ÔinsideÕ the fishbowl discussed the case in integrated teams of 8-9 people, while the teams of students ÔoutsideÕ the fishbowl assessed their peers using the Interprofessional Collaborator Assessment Rubric. Following 30 minutes the teams switched roles and a different case was presented. All three IPE sessions were conducted in a similar format and students remained in the same groups for all sessions, to facilitate team building.Summary of Use : Feedback from students, across all disciplines, indicated an overall positive experience. ÒWhat I enjoyed most was the opportunity to observe one of the cases from the outside (referring to fishbowl activity), and have an opportunity to witness the thought processes and primary focuses of the different disciplinesÓ. The IPE sessions also helped students realize the importance of teamwork in the delivery of pt care: Òas I got to know my group I realized that everyone has an important part in the care of the patient, not any one person can do everything, but each person has a specialty practice that they are exceptional at performing. For this reason, it is essential we each know the scope of practice of each profession and I believe the IPE gave good insight to this matter.ÓImportance to Members: Effective health care delivery requires both improved communication and knowledge of roles and scope of practices among all health care practitioners. IPE sessions in PT literature have been limited to interactions with fewer disciplines, typically PT and medicine, or PT and Occupational Therapy or Physical Therapist Assistants. The proposed model demonstrates the feasibility and benefits of incorporating a large number of students across multiple disciplines.

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  • Control #: 1709517
  • Type: Poster
  • Event/Year: CSM2014
  • Authors: Rania Karim, Penny Kroll
  • Keywords: Interprofessional Education|Physical Therapy Education

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