Outcomes from an Interprofessional Workshop for Healthcare Providers Treating Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

Purpose/Hypothesis : Older adults with Type 2 Diabetes affecting multi-organ systems have numerous oral-systemic healthcare needs that require management from multiple healthcare providers. Communication and coordination of health care services between healthcare providers is often limited resulting in less than optimal care. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the efficacy of an interprofessional workshop for health care providers through pre-, post- and 6 month follow-up evaluations.Number of Subjects : 38 providers from 6 disciplines participated in the program to date.Materials/Methods : Interprofessional workshops were developed for healthcare providers using standardized and simulated (high fidelity mannequins) patients to develop patient-centered interprofessional care plans. Emphasis was placed on team building, the oral-systemic interaction, and cultural sensitivity. Mentored discussions of the patient encounters facilitated reflection. Pre-, post-, and 6 month follow-up assessments were completed to monitor knowledge and perception changes associated with oral-systemic disease, attitudes, and team building.Results : Pre-post attitude scores increased (t=10.78, df=35, p<0.01) in the need for interprofessional communication, the oral-systemic needs of this population, and the need to provide care in interprofessional teams. Improvements in perception (t=9.17, df=35, p<0.01) including team accountability and communication among health care facilities were also found. Increases were found in the knowledge scores (t=4.65, df=35, p<0.01). Seventeen participants (46% response rate) responded to the 6 month follow-up survey. The percentages in all attitude and knowledge items remained at or higher than the post-test responses. However, responses in perception decreased from the post-test scores in all items.Conclusions : The interprofessional workshops were effective initially in improving participant scores related to attitudes toward interprofessional practice, knowledge of the importance of the oral-systemic link and the oral-systemic needs of this patient population, and the need to provide care in interprofessional teams. Perceptions of the need for team accountability and improved communication among health care providers also occurred during the workshop. Knowledge and attitude scores remained high on 6 month follow-up but perception scores (team accountability and communication) decreased on 6 month follow-up. These findings suggest that the interprofessional workshop may be an effective mode of fostering interprofessional practice among healthcare providers providing care to older adults with Type II diabetes.Clinical Relevance : The authors hope that improved knowledge of the oral-systemic link and improved attitudes and perceptions toward interprofessional care will result in improved patient care for older adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Review of the results will help improve the program for future health professionals who attend.

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  • Control #: 1727018
  • Type: Poster
  • Event/Year: CSM2014
  • Authors: Sue Schuerman, Ashlee Harmon, Susan VanBeuge, Marcia Ditmyer, Georgia Dounis
  • Keywords: interprofessional education|older adults|type II diabetes

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