Use of Preadmission Factors and First Semester GPA as Early Indicators of Success on the NPTE

Purpose/Hypothesis : Applications submitted to PTCAS have increased approximately 16% for the 2012-13 admissions cycle over the prior year. This increase in applications has required greater objectivity in the selection of candidates. The purpose of this study is to determine which preadmissions factors for DPT programs can predict if a student will struggle with the first year, specifically in anatomy and kinesiology (summer GPA), and their likelihood of success on the NPTE.Number of Subjects : Admissions data from 94 DPT students over three cohorts were included in this analysis.Materials/Methods : This retrospective secondary analysis used admissions and performance data from 94 students. This data included prerequisite GPA, undergraduate GPA, GRE scores, age, experiential hours, selectivity of undergraduate institution, summer GPA, and NPTE pass data. School selectivity was based on Princeton Review ratings for "Academics".Results : Based on summer GPA, two-tailed independent t-tests revealed significant differences in first time pass rate (t=3.43; p<.001) with those with higher summer GPA (mean 3.34 vs 2.76) passing the NPTE on the first attempt. Additional t-tests revealed that those students with greater than 300 experiential hours upon admission had a significantly higher (t=-4.70; p<.0001) summer GPA (mean 3.71 vs 3.10). A third t-test revealed students coming from undergraduate schools with greater academic rigor had a significantly higher summer GPA (t=-3.20;p<.002) than those entering the program from less academically stringent institutions. ROC analysis revealed a curve area of .8 for GPA in anatomy and kinesiology (summer GPA) to predict passing the NPTE on the first attempt, with a cut point GPA of 3.065 reflecting a sensitivity of .761 and 1-specificity of .273. At a summer GPA of 3.645, there is no Type II error. A forward regression analysis is planned to assess which factors most strongly influence the summer GPA and the outcome on the NPTE.Conclusions : Our findings reveal that preadmission factors of school selectivity and experiential hours can assist admissions committees in making informed admissions decisions on who will ultimately pass the national licensing exam on the first attempt. With the increase in the number of applicants to DPT programs, admissions decisions are becoming more complex for programs, with greater objectivity required. Results such as these will help programs optimize time during the admissions process by identifying candidates most likely to succeeed.Clinical Relevance : All programs want to admit students who they believe will be academically successful, graduate and pass the licensing exam. CAPTE outcomes data requires that institutions publically report their pass rate, retention and graduation data. Admitting students with a greater likelihood of academic success has financial implications for the host institution, as well as accreditation consequences for the individual programs.

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  • Control #: 2010239
  • Type: Poster
  • Event/Year: CSM2015
  • Authors: Karen Friel, Veronica Southard
  • Keywords: Education|Admissions|NPTE

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