Adaptive physical education and its benefits on students

Adaptive physical education and its benefits on students

In the last decade, numerous psychologists and psychiatrists have agreed on the importance of physical development and its correlation with mental and intellectual evolution. Every day more researchers demonstrate that children learn more effectively through direct, play-oriented experience.

Likewise, a positive relationship has been found between the practice of physical activity and academic performance in several studies. Various authors support the idea that dedicating substantial time to physical activities in schools can bring benefits in the academic performance of children, and even suggest that there are benefits, of a different type, compared to children who do not practice sports.

Young people who practice additional activity to that contemplated in the training programs in schools, tend to show better qualities such as better functioning of the brain, in cognitive terms, higher levels of energy concentration, changes in the body that improve my self-esteem, and even better behavior, which affects learning processes

The qualities of the brain that will be enhanced by regular physical activity consist of high blood flow to the brain, changes in hormone levels, assimilation of nutrients, and increased brain activation.

Brain function may also be indirectly benefited by physical activity, due to the increasing generation of energy from the time they remain outside the classroom: increasing energy levels outside the classroom can decrease the boredom of children in it, causing higher levels of attention, when they return to them or receive instructions.

There is evidence that cognitive processes in children who practice physical activity in an unsystematic way are better than the processes of children who are sedentary.

Physical education can represent a unique opportunity to develop the thinking skills that are the foundation of lifelong learning and creative and effective action.

Physiological benefits:

  • Increases bone density (prevents osteoporosis)
  • Improves the lipid profile. (Fat metabolism)
  • Increase muscle strength.
  • It improves the functioning of insulin. (Controls blood sugar)
  • It improves joint mobility.
  • Improve physical endurance.
  • Control blood pressure.
  • It improves coordination, reflexes, and muscle tone. (Better posture)
  • It improves intestinal function.
  • Control body weight

Psychological benefits

  • Improve self-esteem
  • Improve self-image
  • Produces a perception of increased vital energy
  • It stimulates relaxation
  • It helps relieve stress
  • Maintains autonomy
  • Reduces social isolation
  • Increases well-being

Benefits in the School Community:

  • Increase academic and vocational performance
  • Increased responsibility
  • Reduces behavioral disturbances
  • It decreases anxiety and the use of psychoactive substances
  • Improve interpersonal relationships
  • Increase the frequency in classrooms

Benefits in the Worker and the Company:

  • Increase productivity
  • Improve the institutional image
  • Lower medical costs
  • Decrease absence rates
  • Help reduce stress levels
  • Improve the work environment

The game makes it possible to put the students and their training needs at the center of the pedagogical activity, it serves to interact, collaborate and share during leisure time, perform the motor activity to be fit, and helps to relax. It is necessary, then, to attend to and take advantage of the schoolchildren’s love of play to improve current physical education and thereby modify the concept that “physical education is only to waste time without achieving any benefit”.

Physical activities contribute to the reinforcement and linking of the contents learned in the classroom, through outdoor activities. The game educates future citizens because it represents an experience for social interaction within the framework of the school, so the teacher should value physical activity for the contribution it makes to student learning.



Healthy Brain resides in a healthy body

It should be noted that the healthy benefits of physical activity are achieved by exercising it and not seeking high levels of excellence or comparing your movements with those of another partner.

Learning essential motor skills for life and acquiring a practical knowledge base will prevent a sedentary lifestyle.

A central concern of physical education is to make students learn to be interested in physical activity, recognize its value as a means to increase their capacity and health, by incorporating it into their lifestyle.

The child’s play is the primary vehicle and indicator of his development, through play the child progresses in the development sequence. This is why self-initiated, self-directed, and teacher-supported play is an essential component of valid educational practice in terms of development and learning.

By participating in different social experiences, among which the game stands out, the little ones acquire fundamental knowledge and develop skills that allow them to act with greater autonomy and continue t accelerated learning about the world around them.

Learning and activity

Learning through songs and games fills children with enthusiasm and is the natural process in which practices continue from morning tonight. The child does not find the anguish that often accompanies learning by conventional methods. The atmosphere is ideal, it increases enthusiasm and you practice more and more.

The globalization of teaching is a way of organizing the content of various subjects about a teaching topic so that they complement each other and give a more complete picture, avoiding their bias. The intention is that children establish networks of meanings between learning and relate what they learn in one subject and another as a unit of knowledge and not as isolated content.

Under this approach, physical competence must be considered a base, since only what is known is symbolized, what is lived, and as long as the symbolization is passed without experience, education will have no meaningless force.


The recommendation, as a way to promote health and as a support for learning, is that students carry out light or moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes per day, preferably every day continuously, either as a class, like singing and rounds, like games, but the most important thing is that the teacher is aware that this activity can link it with its academic content, favoring and stimulating learning.

If we see that physical education classes we can take them as a pleasant way to prepare our didactic situations and link them to academic content; If we take into account a daily routine of physical activation and consider the time of recess, our students will be in a perfect physical and mental condition to achieve significant learning.





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